In modern usage, a magistrate is a judge or lawyer who hears cases in courts. In the United Kingdom, the term magistrate usually refers to a volunteer of the Magistrates' Courts, whereas in North America it refers to an officer of the state. Formerly, in ancient Rome, a magistratus was one of the highest ranking government officers and possessed both judicial and executive powers. Today, in common law systems, a magistrate has limited law enforcement and administration authority. In civil law systems, a magistrate may be a judge in a superior court, where the magistrates' court might have jurisdiction over civil and criminal cases. A related but not always equivalent term is chief magistrate which historically can denote a political and administrative officer.
Magistrate derives from the Middle English word magistrat, denoting a "civil officer in charge of administrating laws" (c.1374); from the Old Frenchmagistrat; from the Latin magistratus, which derives from magister (master), from the root of magnus (great).
Before Magneto came into power, the Genoshan government operated a notorious militia known as the Magistrates. They hunted down any who attempted to escape. The Magistrates were equipped with highly advanced weaponry, battle suits, and assault vehicles. The oppression was so brutal that when the Magistrates seized control over the government, it sparked spontaneous uprising among the Mutates across the island.
Magistrates is a pop band hailing from South Woodham Ferrers in Essex, England.
Paul and Mark played in various bands whilst growing up together, including performing under the name Echelon in 2006 with Andrew Grant.
After a change to the current line-up and a change of name in mid-2007, Magistrates signed to XL Recordings in the June 2008. The band released two singles "Make This Work" (August 2008), and "Heartbreak" (May 2009).
Magistrates played the 2009 Samsung NME Radar Tour alongside La Roux, Heartbreak and The Chapman Family.
Magistrates also played the HMV Forum, Kentish Town, London on the 15th of May 2009, as a support band for Friendly Fires alongside Wax Stag.
Judicial Magistrate (East) Mukesh Kumar issued directives for initiating the process of proclamation and attachment of the property of the absconder ... The magistrate observed that the counsel filed the application for condonation of the suspect’s absence for a third time in row.
CINCINNATI — A jury awarded a former magistrate more than $1.1 million on Friday, six years after she sued a Butler County judge for firing her because she is Jewish and requesting time off to celebrate the high holy days. Kimberly Edelstein worked as a magistrate for Butler...
REYNOLDSVILLE — Magisterial District JudgeDavid Inzana presided over the following preliminary hearings Jan. 31. WithdrawnKenneth J. Holden Jr., 50, of Falls Creek, who was charged with terroristic threats, simple assault, and harassment. Waived for Court. The following defendants waived their rights to a preliminary hearing ... general impairment, DUI.