OUTGOING army chief General Qamar Javed Bajwa, who is set to retire today (Tuesday), has said he is certain that the “political quarantine of the armed forces” will bode well for Pakistan in the long term.

“Despite some criticism and undue vilification of the armed forces through mass propaganda and meticulously crafted false narratives, the institutional resolve to remain apolitical will remain steadfast,” he said in an interview with the UAE-based publication, Gulf News.

Gen Bajwa’s statement comes as the military, in recent months, reiterated that it has decided to remain apolitical. The statements from the army’s top brass came amid accusations that the military meddles in the country’s politics, often favouring one political party or the other.

In his last public address as the army chief on Nov 23, Gen Bajwa identified the military’s “unconstitutional” interference in politics for the past 70 years as a reason for the institution being criticised by the people.

Says military has been vilified due to ‘historic role’ in country’s politics

“This is why in February last year the army, after great deliberation, decided that it would never interfere in any political matter. I assure you we are strictly adamant on this and will remain so,” he resolved while addressing a Defence and Martyrs Day ceremony.

Elaborating further on the subject in his interview with Gulf News, Gen Bajwa said the Pakistan Army had always remained a dominant player in national decision-making.

“Due to its historic role in the country’s politics, the military drew severe criticism from public and politicians alike,” he said.

“We have restricted the army’s role to its constitutionally mandated task only by deciding to make it ‘apolitical’. This decision, though being viewed negatively by a segment of society and which led to personal criticism, will facilitate in reinvigorating and strengthening democratic culture, assist in supporting state organs to effectively perform and deliver. Above all, this decision will help enhance the army’s prestige in the long term,” he said.

Gen Bajwa went on to say that in his opinion, public support and affinity towards the armed forces tended to erode when the military was seen to be involved in political affairs.

“And, therefore, I considered it prudent to shield [the] Pakistan Army from the vagaries of politics in Pakistan.”

Challenges

Talking about the challenges confronting Pakistan, Gen Bajwa said the region had been referred to as a “strategic chessboard” due to its role in great power rivalries in the past — the recent being the two decade-long ‘war on terror’.

“Pakistan’s western border has therefore seen a great deal of instability due to the conflict in Afghanistan. Post-US withdrawal, a modicum of stability has been seen in the country with a reduction in violence. However, the situation remains volatile.”

He also spoke about the “delicate position” Pakistan found itself in amid “the ever-sharpening global power contestation” between the US and China.

With Islamabad now having to balance its relationship with Washington and Beijing, he said: “Pakistan is trying to steer itself prudently in this increasingly contested strategic environment and ensuring that we are not pulled into any future iteration of [the] cold war”.

In this connection, he also mentioned that Iran’s “peculiar geo-strategic orientation” had been a source of concern for the international community.

“However, Pakistan has always desired peaceful and friendly relations with our Muslim neighbour and tried to maintain a positive working relationship.”

On the internal front, Gen Bajwa said terrorism had abated inside Pakistan after the country’s successful counter-terrorism campaign, and “we continue to make meaningful efforts to overcome the menace of extremism and residue of terrorism”.

However, “streak of political intolerance in our society is a worrisome new trend,” he said.

“We will keep striving for a society which is tolerant, rational and does not discriminate on the basis of political orientation, faith, ethnicity or creed,” he resolved.

Published in Dawn, November 29th, 2022

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